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Assessing the health of a community or population requires a different skill set than assessing individual patients. Individual patients are assessed using direct observation during the process of identifying their condition, needs, abilities, and preferences. The health of populations is assessed using data analytics that aggregate findings based on a predefined geographic area or a common characteristic. For example, a population can include the people in an entire county, state, or nation. Additionally, a population can include the people in a hospital unit or community or any other group of individuals who have shared characteristics (e.g., older women or those who attend a common event at the same place and time). A disease investigator or advanced practice nurse defines the population of interest, which may change as the investigation progresses. Defining the population is extremely important as it is essential to describe the outbreak in terms of person, place, and time (PPT).
For this task, you will create a professional multimedia presentation. This presentation will be based on your analysis of an investigation conducted in the outbreak scenario. See the Crab Apple Valley Communicable Outbreak Simulation in the Web Link section. It is recommended that you complete your review of this outbreak before you begin your presentation since all the information in your presentation will come from this case scenario.
You will present the methods, processes, and results of your investigation of the outbreak that are essential to controlling the spread of this disease and preventing future outbreaks. Additionally, you will present information on the guiding principles that form the basis for investigating and managing infectious disease outbreaks.
Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 50% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. The similarity report that is provided when you submit your task can be used as a guide.
You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.
Tasks may not be submitted as cloud links, such as links to Google Docs, Google Slides, OneDrive, etc., unless specified in the task requirements. All other submissions must be file types that are uploaded and submitted as attachments (e.g., .pdf, .ppt, .pptx).
Complete the Crab Apple Valley Communicable Outbreak Simulation (referred to as the outbreak scenario for this task) found in the Web Links section.
Note: Before starting the simulation, please read the attached Prelude: Epidemiology of an Outbreak and Tutorial Crab Apple Valley documents.
A. Create a multimedia presentation (suggested length of 22 slides) on your investigation of the outbreak scenario. You may use the attached Crab Apple Valley Communicable Outbreak Simulation Multimedia Presentation Template.
Note: While you need to create a presentation, you do not need to present it.
Note: The multimedia presentation for this performance assessment should be uploaded as a separate attachment and should not be included in the e-portfolio or submitted as a link.
B. In your presentation, provide your presenter notes for each slide in the presentation, including the appropriate level of explanation, analysis, and discussion of the outbreak scenario.
C. In your presentation, provide a title slide that includes each of the following components:
the title of the presentation
title of course
the date the presentation was submitted
D. In your presentation, provide a slide that includes an outline of the main topics that will be included in your presentation in the order they will be presented.
E. In your presentation, describe the background of the outbreak scenario from part A by doing each of the following:
1. Describe the key components of the case definition for the outbreak scenario.
2. Explain the 10 steps used in the outbreak investigation and include an example for each step.
F. In your presentation, discuss methods used to determine the existence and scope of the outbreak scenario.
1. Discuss the active and passive surveillance methods used to identify cases in the outbreak scenario.
2. Provide the number of suspect cases in the entire outbreak scenario.
3. Provide the number of probable cases in the entire outbreak scenario.
4. Discuss the mode of transmission for the outbreak scenario for both locations, including specific examples from the scenario.
5. Discuss how the cumulative incidence can be utilized with the outbreak scenario.
6. Calculate the cumulative incidence for the entire outbreak scenario.
G. In your presentation, justify your study design choice to guide your analysis of the outbreak scenario by doing the following:
1. Construct a purpose statement for your outbreak scenario research project.
2. Describe the data collected for the outbreak scenario research project from parts F1 and F2.
3. Present a screen capture of the outbreak plot that is clear and provides correct information.
a. Analyze the significance of the epi curve.
4. Analyze the significance of the incubation period of the outbreak scenario.
5. Describe the differences between an endemic, an epidemic, and a pandemic.
a. Discuss whether this scenario outbreak is experiencing an endemic, epidemic, or pandemic.
6. Calculate the case fatality rate.
a. Describe the significance of the case fatality rate.
7. Calculate the primary and secondary attack rates.
a. Describe how the primary and secondary attacks occurred.
H. In your presentation, discuss the three measures of outbreak management for the outbreak scenario.
1. Provide a rationale for the control measures that should be implemented in the outbreak scenario.
2. Formulate a plan to disseminate information on the outbreak to other agencies and the public.
I. In your presentation, reflect on your learning experience by responding to each of the following questions:
What do you know now about investigating an outbreak that you did not know before?
Based on what you have learned, what might you do differently if given the opportunity to investigate an outbreak?
In what ways can you apply the concepts you have learned to your current clinical practice?
J. Acknowledge sources, using APA-formatted in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased or summarized.
K. Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your