Essential Elements of Reading Instruction

Students will develop a PPT that will demonstrate a substantive understanding of the six components of reading as a process: Oral Language, Phonological Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, and Comprehension.

The Essential Elements of Reading Instruction PPT will include an overview of EACH of the six components of reading including:

  1. Definition of EACH component: (Minimum 1 paragraph/ 1 slide)
    • Define the component in your own words as if you are explaining it to a parent.  (Do not copy and paste from your source)
    • Assessments for EACH component: (3 separate slides, 1 paragraph for each assessment)
    • Identify at least 3 assessments, or which 1 must be formal and 1 must be informal 
    • Provide the name for your assessment and the type (formal or informal)
      • Formal assessments are a data-driven method of evaluating students. These types of assessments are standardized and may include norm-referenced, criterion-referenced, ect. Here is a helpful link with a list of formal assessments:
    • Provide a brief description of your assessment (How do you do the assessment, how do you score, how can you monitor progress?)
    • Evidence-based strategies for EACH components: (3 separate slides, 1 paragraph for each strategy)
    • Identify at least 3 evidence-based strategies that are specifically for the selected component. (e.g., “guided practice”, “eye-contact”, and “repetition” are not specific strategies for any Essential Element)
    • Briefly describe the strategies (do not just list them)
    • Explain how the strategy can be extended for home learning
    • Credible Resources
    • Use at least 5 related websites and/or resources
    • At least 3 must be from different sources
    • Provide a bibliography with all works cited
    • Grammar, Mechanics, & PowerPoint Etiquette
    • Check for grammar and punctuation (You’d be surprised how many students still begin their sentences with a lowercase letter)
    • Keep the font size and style consistent throughout each slide
    • Do not copy and paste from another source (If you copy and paste, you will not receive a grade for that portion of the project and will result in a deduction of points from your overall score)


  • Create an audio recording that is either embedded in your PowerPoint, attached as a YouTube link, or included as an .MP4 file.
  • Present the information from your PowerPoint pertaining to the six components.
  • Do not read directly from your slides.
  • Make sure you know how to correctly pronounce any new vocabulary.
  • Presentation must be between 15-20 minutes in length.