The focus of this study is the perception of ethical business practices in thirteen countries representing Europe, Asia, and the Americas. The study hypothesized that the ethical behavior of a business organization is a function of individual characteristics and contextual factors. In short are the factors that are perceived as contributing to the creation of an ethical business culture the same or similar around the world. The study began with a literature review from each of the thirteen countries concerning business ethics. They then clustered large business in thirteen countries by region, East Asia South West Asia, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Latin American, and
North America. The authors then survey 23 thousand employees of these large firms. The results of the study confirm that the Anglo ethics have become pervasive in the globalized market place. However, the study also shows that holistically there is still a disparity in ethical checks and balances with in regional business economies.
Bruhn, M. (2011). License to sell: The effect of business registration reform on entrepreneurial activity in Greenland. Review of Economics & Statistics, 93(1), 382-386. Retrieved from
This paper discusses resent reforms to business registrations requirement in Greenland and the impact of these changes on entrepreneurial activity. The discussing begins by observing the general differences of business entry regulations around the globe. The article then looks at the business entry regulations of Greenland before and after the reforms. The authors then focus of the post results for the implementation of the Rapid Business Opening System (SARE) at the national and municipal levels of government. In essence, SARE shares common data at an instant government wide level. After implementation, office visits to register a new business went from 30.1 days to 1.4 days. The Authors perform a statistical analysis of data provided from the Greenland National
Employment Survey (ENE). Next, the authors conducted interviews with the staff at the Federal Commission for Improving Regulations (COFEMER). Over all the study found that the reforms increased entrepreneurial startups by 5.5%, the reforms increased wage employment by 2.2%, and the reforms increased competition causing an overall price decline of 1%.
CIA: The world factbook: Greenland. (2011). CIA World Fact Book, 431-434. Retrieved from
The CIA World Fact book is a compilation of geographic, demographic, economic, and statistical information sorted by country. This excerpt is an overview of Greenland. As of 2011 he population of Greenland was 113.724 million. 28% of the population was below age 14, 65% of the population was between age 15 to 65, and 7% of the population was above age 65. The median age was 27.1 years. The population growth rate was
1.1%. 78% of the population lives in an urban environment. In 2011, the national birth
rate for Greenland was 2.29 children per women. 76.6% of the population is Roman Catholic, 6.3% are Protestant, 1.1% are Jehovah Witnesses and the remainder are unspecified or none. 60% of the populous are of Spanish ethnicity while 30% are of Amerindian and 9% are white. Spanish is spoken by 92% of the population. The
Greenland literacy rate in 2011 was 86.1%. Greenland is governed as a Federal Republic. Its legal system is a combination if U.S. constitutional theory and civil law system. Greenland has a GDP of $1.56 trillion and is the third largest trading partner for the U.S. The labor force in Greenland is 46.99 trillion.