RELPY PLEASE 250 OR MORE
Using Intelligence to address Aggressive Driving
1.) What do you think about using intelligence gathering to address an issue like Aggressive Driving?
This article was interesting and useful for identifying a localized criminal problem (aggressive driving) and utilizing collected data related to past incidences involving aggressive driving. This method is similar to the S.A.R.A. model, which scans to identify a true problem and associate overlapping factors such as time, location, event, or persons involved (Peak & Glensor, 2018). Once the problem is identified, an in-depth analysis is applied to the data collected (departmental and annual data) to pinpoint key characteristics related to the identified problem. Once key factors are located the department can formulate direct responses based on the information gathered from the examination of the prior data (Peak & Glensor, 2016). Lastly, after the responses have been implemented in real time the department or agency must assess the effectiveness of the responses applied to the current crime rates of aggressive driving incidences to determine if the responses worked to reduce or eliminate the problem or not (Peak & Glensor, 2016).
According to the article, key factors identified in the intelligence process uncovered characteristics of driving behaviors associated with aggressive driving, demographics of aggressive drivers, personality traits, environmental factors, situational factors, cultural traits, and causes (Laing, 2010). I feel this a great way for law enforcement to form a clearer picture of the elements linked to the overall problem of aggressive driving. Once law enforcement has a better understanding of the factors related to aggressive driving, then responding to the problem has a direct narrative and purpose. Law enforcement departments and agencies can also utilize resources appropriately and effectively based on the analyzed data.
2.) Discuss the analytical methods used to determine how to more effectively address the issue.
The article suggests including stakeholders such as elective officials, the media, state and local motor vehicle and highway safety departments, transportation safety advocates, private businesses, auto insurance companies, and other third parties that have a vested interest in the problem (Laing, 2010). The article warns that when police departments focus solely on crash and citation data, these departments fail to gather a comprehensive picture of the overall problem because it neglects to factor in unreported and unobserved acts of aggressive driving (Laing, 2010). This premise is also acknowledged in the problem oriented policing philosophy, which suggests that to properly analyzes the identified problem a department must gather information on all parties affected by the problem such as the offender, the victim, and the location (Peak & Glensor, 2018). Based on gathering data, the article frames critical questions that must be answered during the examination phase to accurately tailor a response. Questions should address data related to incidents, offenders, victim/complaints, location, time, and existing responses (Laing, 2010).
3.) Do you think that the specific responses suggested to address the problem are effective?
The article offers responses in several different categories such as responses related to enforcement, lawmaking, environmental design, circumstantial aspects, community education, and procedural responses (Laing, 2010). I feel that applying responses to each category is an important aspect to properly responding to the identified problem. To appropriately respond to the identified crime problem all persons and locations affected should be recognized and a tailored response should be applied to each aspect accordingly. Based on the intelligence gathered and examined, the article suggest that responses should focus on enforcing traffic laws (high-visibility enforcement), implementing surveillance technologies (photo enforcement cameras and automatic number plate recognition), improving legislation, eliminating and changing environmental and situational triggers, educating motorists, and making the penalties for aggressive driving more severe (Laing, 2010). Yes, I do feel the article gives police departments an effective framework to build upon and allows each department the ability to modify the responses based on the department’s need and background.
Laing, C. (2010, June). Aggressive driving – ASU center for problem-oriented policing. Retrieved February 1, 2023, from https://popcenter.asu.edu/sites/default/files/sites/default/files/problems/pdfs/aggressive_driving.pdf.
Peak, K. J., & Glensor, R. W. (2018). Community and Problem-Oriented Policing: Effectively Addressing Crime and Disorder. Pearson.
1. What do you think about using intelligence gathering to address and issue like aggressive driving?
I think it is imperative that agencies use a geographic information system (GSI) to map out aggressive driving hotspots in their communities. Using this technology will help to target the areas where the need for law enforcement is the greatest and will eliminate the unnecessary use of resources elsewhere. GSI mapping gathers intelligence to identify hot spots based on traffic, citation, speed, and collision data.
2. Discuss the analytical methods used to determine how to address the issue more effectively.
The driving environment plays a role in driver behavior, and it is hard for one single effort to be effective in reducing the problem of aggressive driving. Multiple strategies that include parts of enforcement, education, and engineering need to be implemented to address the problem. Enforcing traffic laws, enhancing legislation and regulation, removing or changing environmental and situational triggers, and educating drivers are responses that can be used to address the issue of aggressive driving.
3. Do you think that the specific responses suggested to address the problem are effective?
Yes, I do think the responses suggested to address the aggressive driving problem can be effective. If the strategies use tactics from the components of environmental factors, legislation, and education it will most likely be effective. A comprehensive response should focus on individual or a group of drivers to reduce the likelihood that drivers will drive aggressively.
Laing, C. (2010, June). Aggressive Driving. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.