New technologyand the application of existing technologyonly appears in healthcare settings after careful and significant research. The stakes are high, and new clinical systems need to offer evidence of positive impact on outcomes or efficiencies.

Nurse informaticists and healthcare leaders formulate clinical system strategies. As these strategies are often based on technology trends, informaticists and others have then benefited from consulting existing research to inform their thinking.

In this Assignment, you will review existing research focused on the application of clinical systems. After reviewing, you will summarize your findings.

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and reflect on the impact of clinical systems on outcomes and efficiencies within the context of nursing practice and healthcare delivery.
  • Conduct a search for recent (within the last 5 years) research focused on the application of clinical systems. The research should provide evidence to support the use of one type of clinical system to improve outcomes and/or efficiencies, such as the use of personal health records or portals to support patients newly diagnosed with diabetes.
  • Identify and select 4 peer-reviewed research articles from your research.
  • For information about annotated bibliographies, visit

The Assignment: (4-5 pa not including the title and reference p)

In a 4- to 5-p A G E S, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Format your Assignment as an Annotated Bibliography. Be sure to address the following:

  • Identify the 4 peer-reviewed research articles you reviewed, citing each in APA format.
  • Include an introduction explaining the purpose of the p.
  • Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples.
  • In your conclusion, synthesize the findings from the 4 peer-reviewed research articles.
  • Use APA format and include a title p
  • Use the Safe Assign Drafts


  • McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2022). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
    • Chapter 14, The Electronic Health Record and Clinical Informatics (pp. 293316)
    • Chapter 15, Informatics Tools to Promote Patient Safety, Quality Outcomes, and Interdisciplinary Collaboration (pp. 323349)
    • Chapter 16, Patient Engagement and Connected Health (pp. 357378)
    • Chapter 17, Using Informatics to Promote Community/Population Health (pp. 383397)
    • Chapter 18, Telenursing and Remote Access Telehealth (pp. 403432)
  • Benda, N. C., Veinot, T. C., Sieck, C. J., & Ancker, J. S. (2020). .American Journal of Public Health,110(8), 1123-1125. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305784 
  • Dykes, P. C., Rozenblum, R., Dalal, A., Massaro, A., Chang, F., Clements, M., Collins, S. Bates, D. W. (2017). . Critical Care Medicine, 45(8), e806e813. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002449
  • HealthIT.gov. (2018c).  Retrieved from 
  • Rao-Gupta, S., Kruger, D. Leak, L. D., Tieman, L. A., & Manworren, R. C. B. (2018). . Pain Management Nursing, 19(3), 212221. 
  • Sieck, C. J., Sheon, A., Ancker, J. S., Castek, J., Callahan, B., & Siefer, A. (2021). .NPJ Digital Medicine,4(1), 52. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41746-021-00413-8 
  • Skiba, D. (2017). . Informatics, 4(3), 3240. 
  • Sharma, P., & Patten, C. A. (2022). .Permanente Journal,26(3). https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/21.156